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Creativity and Culture

Ali Mchumo : Bamboo and sustainable development challenge

 

 

竹子与全球可持续发展的挑战

 

The International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation (INBAR) is an intergovernmental development organisation that promotes sustainable development using bamboo and rattan. It has 48 Member States. In addition to its headquarters in China, INBAR has Regional Offices in Cameroon, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Ghana, and India.

Since it was founded in 1997, it has been making a real difference to the lives of millions of people around the world and the environment, with achievements in areas such as: raising standards; promoting safe; resilient bamboo construction; restoring degraded land; capacity-building; informing green policy and Sustainable Development Goal objectives.

 

国际竹藤组织(INBAR)是一个致力于竹藤资源价值推广和开发利用,助力全球可持续发展的政府间国际组织。国际竹藤组织目前拥有48个成员国,总部设在中国,并在喀麦隆、厄瓜多尔、埃塞俄比亚、加纳和印度设有区域办事处。

国际竹藤组织1997年成立以来,在保护生态环境、减缓贫困和发展生计等不同领域积极行动且富有成效。国际竹藤组织以竹藤资源的可持续发展为前提,联合、协调与支持竹藤的战略性及适应性研究与开发,增进竹藤生产者和消费者的福利,推进竹藤产业绿色包容发展。

巴黎灵感杂志特别专访!国际竹藤组织总干事穆秋姆先生解析竹资源在未来可持续发展的巨大潜力。

 

 

An exclusive interview with

Ali Mchumo

General Director of INBAR

 

特别专访

穆秋姆先生

国际竹藤组织总干事

 

Bamboo 2

 

Could you please briefly introduce bamboo resources globally and its contribution to ecosystem?

 

The first surprising thing to know about bamboo is that it is grass, not a tree. Despite its height and ‘woody’ nature, bamboo grows very quickly, maturing within three to five years, and can be harvested regularly without the need to replant.

Its rapid regrowth makes it an ideal renewable source of material , from furniture to outdoor flooring , and a substitute for timber and plastics.

The superior mechanical properties of bamboo also allow it to play a pivotal role in the construction industry, where it can be a substitute for aluminium, concrete, plastic, and steel as bamboo cladding, decking and structural components, lowering greenhouse gas emissions from the infrastructure sector.

Bamboo’s extensive root system is also impressive. The roots and rhizomes of a bamboo plant act like a net, binding soil and preventing water run-off. Many countries around the world are already using bamboo to restore degraded land or prevent landslides.

Finally, bamboo provides a source of food and shelter for some of the world’s most iconic and endangered animals, amongst them the giant panda, red panda, and mountain gorilla.

What makes bamboo so important for global environmental work is its global spread.

Bamboo is truly a « global grass ». There are more than 1600 species of bamboo in the world, distributed across Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Asia-Pacific region.

INBAR estimates the total area of bamboo forests globally to be around 50 million hectares. This means that bamboo can provide sustainable development solutions for many developing countries.

 

Could you please introduce the utilisation of bamboo resources, esp. its applications for textiles? Are there any advantages for bamboo in this regard?

 

The bamboo sector is large and varied, producing thousands of different products, from handicrafts to housing and from furniture to fodder and household fuel. The global bamboo industry has an output value of more than USD 70 billion, and the international trade volume exceeds USD 3 billion every year.

Bamboo is already widely used as a source of fibre in textiles and clothing, as a replacement for water-hungry cotton. Its main advantages are its sustainability as a material: bamboo grows fast, is abundant, and does not compete with other crops for land.

It also requires very little in the way of pesticides or water, and is completely naturally degradable. Clothes made with it are quite soft and breathable, with antibacterial properties that are in high demand for items like undergarments, socks and towels.

There are still some issues to be considered when making bamboo textiles, but technologies are being developed which will ensure that bamboo fabric is produced in a non-wasteful and eco-friendly way.

 

Could you please share your expectations for the utilisation and development of bamboo resources? And any recommendations for the sector development?

 

Bamboo is closely linked to several of the world’s most important sustainable development challenges. It can be an important nature-based tool for poverty eradication, a source of affordable and clean energy, a sustainable construction material, a low-carbon and sustainable product, a mean to mitigate climate change, and a part of healthy ecosystems.

Bamboo is a promising nature-based development solution, and the development and utilisation of bamboo has a bright future. INBAR has identified that at least 7 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations require bamboo.

Despite its immense potential, bamboo remains something of an unsung hero. In particular, few people are aware of bamboo’s applications in textiles and other areas. More work is needed to raise awareness about this humble yet remarkable grass plant, and to increase research and development into sustainable and low-carbon bamboo processing technologies.

 

Bamboo 4

 

您能否介绍一下全球竹资源,以及其对生态系统的重要作用?

 

竹子最令人惊讶的是,它是一种草,而不是树,尽管竹子拥有一定的高度和”木质”性。竹子的生长速度非常快,能在3-5年内迅速成材,采用间伐的方式,一次种植长久受益。这种快速再生的特性使竹子成为从家具到户外地板的理想可再生材料,是木材和塑料的优良替代品。

竹子优越的物理性使其在建筑领域发挥核心作用,可替代钢材、水泥、塑料、木材等,成为建筑用装饰和构结的可持续材料。竹类一般有强大的根系群,竹子的根部和根茎就像一张网,锁住土壤,防止水土流失。世界上许多国家已经在使用竹子来恢复贫瘠的土地或防止山体滑坡。

最后竹子在生物多样性保护方面也发挥着重要作用,为世界上一些最具代表性和濒危的动物提供食物和住所,如大熊猫、小熊猫和山地大猩猩。

竹子对全球环保行动如此重要,是因为它遍布全球,是一种真正的”全球巨草”。世界上有超过1600种竹子,分布在非洲、拉丁美洲和加勒比地区以及亚太地区。国际竹藤组织估计,世界竹林的总面积约为5000万公顷,这意味着竹子可以为许多发展中国家提供可持续发展的解决方案。

 

您能否介绍一下竹资源的开发和利用吗?以及其在纺织品的应用有什么优势?

 

竹产业发展规模庞大,种类繁多。从手工艺品到住房和家具,再到饲料和家庭燃料,可以生产成千上万种不同的产品。全球竹产业的产值超过700亿美元,每年的国际贸易量超过30亿美元。

竹子正在取代棉花,成为生产纺织品和服装的重要纤维。它的主要优点源自这种材料的可持续性:竹子生长迅速,分布广泛,不与其他作物争夺土地,种植过程中不需要使用大量的水和化肥,并且可以完全自然降解 。竹纤维制作的衣服相当柔软和透气,具有抗菌特性, 被广泛地使用在内衣、袜子和毛巾的制作。

在制作竹纤维纺织品时,仍有一些问题需要改善。但是不断创新的技术将确保以少浪费和更加生态的方式来生产竹纤维。

 

您能谈谈您对竹资源利用的期待,以及相关发展的建议吗?

 

竹资源的利用发展与全球可持续发展战略密切相关。有效开发竹资源对促进农民就业消除贫困有重要作用,竹子提供一种清洁的可再生能源,可重复使用的建筑材料,低碳和可持续的生态产品。

竹资源有利于缓解气候变化,竹类植物是健康生态系统和生物多样性景观的重要组成部分。基于自然,竹资源提供了一个有助于全球的可持续发展方案,竹子的开发和利用有着广阔的前景。国际竹藤组织认为,在联合国的17个可持续发展目标中,有7个与竹子密切相关。

尽管竹子有巨大的潜力,它却仍然是一个无名英雄。特别是,很少有人知道竹子在纺织品和其他领域的应用。我们需要做出更多的努力来提高人们对这种不起眼、但作用非凡的草本植物的认识,并加紧研究和开发可持续的、低碳竹材加工技术。

 

 

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